Porneia: fornication, sexual immorality, whoredom, etc
Porneia: the only cause for divorce in ancient Greek of the New Testament
Porneia, not adultery, the only cause for divorce according to the ancient Greek of the New Testament
There are different sexual sins mentioned in the Scriptures. Under Moses, almost all of the sexual sins were punishable by death (Leviticus 20:10-21). With the advent of Jesus, the capital punishments of Moses are abolished. Jesus signifies the reprieve in telling the adulterous woman brought to Him as a trap in seeking His opinion on the punishment, to go and sin no more (John 8:1-11) because each of us is guilty of some sin.
So, Jesus reverses Moses in capital punishments.
Jesus also reversed Moses on divorce.
From the statement of Jesus on divorce, we learn about 2 doctrines: Fornication and adultery.
We learn that adultery is not a cause for divorce because Jesus stated that if we divorce for any reason except for fornication we cause adultery. In other words, fornication is the only cause for divorce in a marriage. Today, we divorce for any reason and we remarry without taking into consideration the word of God (Jesus).
Fornication is one of the various English words used to translate the Greek word "porneia" that Jesus used in the Greek tongues. The other words used for porneia are: sexual immorality, whoredom, lewdness, unfaithfulness, harlotry, infidelity, whoring, unchastity, even "any sexual sin" by some lexicons.
Since Jesus is a Jew, a Hebrew, what is considered "porneia" in Hebrews?
Paul complained of ungodly tolerance of porneia at an ekklesia. Let us analyze it his stance on that case study of porneia.
We read that a son has his father's woman (wife). From Moses, a sexual sin involving the woman of another man is considered adultery.
Paul did not consider the sin of the son a "moicheía (adultery" but a porneía (fornocation, sexual immorality, etc). There is a reason for that because Moses has a list of other sexual sins besides adultery. Those other sins are considered porneia in Greek because the porneia of the son is part of those other sexual sin list in Leviticus 18.
The sin of the son, according to Moses, is in Leviticus 18:8
Therefore, here are the porneia sins that are causes for divorce.
We may not have sex with our father nor our mother
We may not have sex with our step-mother
We may not have sex with our sister or half-sister
We may not have sex with our granddaughter, the daughter of our son or of our daughter
We may not have sex with our half-sister, the daughter of our stepmother and our father
We may not have sex with our paternal aunt
We may not have sex with our maternal aunt
We may not have sex with our paternal uncle, nor our uncle's woman because she is our aunt
We may not have sex with our daughter-in-law.
We may not have sex with our sister-in-law, the wife of our brother.
We may not have sex with both a woman and her daughter, nor with her granddaughter,
We may not have sex with our sister-in-law, the sister of our wife.
We may not have sex with a woman who has her period.
We may not be a surrogate father for the woman of our neighbor by directly having sex with her. What about by insemination??
Man may not have sex with another man as a man has sex with woman.
We may not give our semen to an animal. A woman may not have sex with an animal.
Those sexual forbiddings are still valid not only because Jesus said that not one dot of an i may be taken off from Moses but also because the very reason God cast out the people the Israelites were supplanting was they were engaged in all those sexual practices that God objects to, at that time, today, and tomorrow. The sacrifice of Jesus can never make those forbiddances tolerable to The Father nor to Jesus.
We may divorce only on account of those sexual sins (porneia), according to Jesus, not whenever love has been buried.
Which two people can marry each other?
The man and the woman who are not in the porneia forbiddances of Leviticus 18.