The Various Angels who Ministered to mankind
And He was there in the wilderness forty days, being tempted by Satan, and was with the wild animals; and the angels were ministering to Him. (Mark 1:13 EMTV)
Angel of Jehovah
In the Scriptures, Angel of Jehovah is the most mentioned and the most eminent Angel in the Bible. Yet, He is in no way another title for Jehovah God, as it is being mischaracterized by professed Christians. I chose specific verses to show that Angel of Jehovah is at the service of Jehovah God.
Zechariah 1:12-14 MKJV
(12) Then the Angel of Jehovah answered and said, O Jehovah of Hosts, how long will You not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah against which You have cursed these seventy years?
(13) And Jehovah answered the angel who talked with me with good words, comfortable words.
(14) So the angel who talked with me said to me, Cry out, saying, So says Jehovah of Hosts: I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.
The eminence of Angel of Jehovah comes from the fact that He is the Ambassador of Jehovah God, embodying the holiness and the might of Jehovah God. That is the point of view that is written in Exodus 23:20-21. Consider the warnings Jehovah gave to Moses concerning obeying the voice of His Angel.
In the New Testament, He is known as Angel of the Lord, because 'Lord' stands for 'Jehovah' in the Greek language. In short, Angel of Jehovah (the Lord) cannot be Jesus because he rolled the stone of the tomb of Jesus in Matthew 28:2.
Matthew 28:2 LITV
(2) And, behold! A great earthquake occurred! For descending from Heaven and coming near, [an] angel of [the] Lord rolled away the stone from the door and was sitting on it.
He is called Angel of Jehovah because Jehovah told Moses that He will send “Mine Angel” to accompany him and the Israelites to the promised land (Exodus 23:23; 32:34).
In the book of Revelation, it is the same Jehovah God who sent the same Angel of Jehovah to Apostle John to reveal what is to come to the world (Revelation 1).
Michael, the Archangel
In 1 Thessalonians 4:16, we read about the tandem of Jesus, the Archangel Michael signaling the end of mercy time and arrival of the second coming of Jesus. The tandem involves different entities, Jesus and the Archangel. Therefore, archangel Michael could not have been Jesus Christ in heaven. Jesus alludes to the distinction in Matthew 24:31. We also read about the Archangel's engagements in the book of Revelation. Some point out that because Archangel Michael is mentioned as having his own angels, that makes Him Jesus, But, note that the dragon also has his angels.
For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven, with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first; (1 Thessalonians 4:16 ASV)
But Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing judgment, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. (Jude 1:9 ASV)
And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels going forth to war with the dragon; and the dragon warred and his angels; (Revelation 12:7 ASV)
Gabriel cannot be Jesus because he was the Angel charged to arrange the transfer of Jesus into the womb of Mary for incarnation.
Dan_8:16 (MKJV) And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called and said, Gabriel, make this one understand the vision.
Dan_9:21 (MKJV) yes, while I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, touched me in my severe exhaustion, about the time of the evening sacrifice.
Luk_1:19 (MKJV) And answering, the angel said to him, I am Gabriel, who stands before God. And I am sent to speak to you and to show you these glad tidings.
Luk_1:26 (MKJV) And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God into a city of Galilee, named Nazareth
Michael, the Prince
Daniel mentions Michael as a Prince (Daniel 10:13, 21; 12:1) who stands for the chosen people. From the New Testament perspective, Jesus Christ is mentioned in the Law and the Prophets under many attributes or titles like a King (John 1:49) but not as a Prince. Could Prince Michael be the same Archangel Michael? Whatever the speculation may be, in John 8:56, Jesus makes a declaration about Abraham that disqualifies Prince Michael and any other Angel as a would-be Jesus in heaven.
But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days; but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me: and I remained there with the kings of Persia. (Daniel 10:13 ASV)
But I will tell thee that which is inscribed in the writing of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me against these, but Michael your prince. (Daniel 10:21 ASV)
And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. (Daniel 12:1 ASV)
[An] Angel of the Lord
Because of technicalities created by the translators of the Torah and the Prophets into Greek, the name of God, Jehovah, did not get transliterated. The translators used a reference word for the name Jehovah. The Greek word is κύριος (Kurios) which means "master, sir, lord". Jesus, by the way, is referred to by the same word κύριος. So, the Greek says "Angel of the Lord" instead of "Angel of Jehovah". How does Jesus duplicate the word κύριος that is unique to Jehovah God in the Torah and the Prophets? Meditate on the scope of that duplication.
Read the verses where Angel of Jehovah is gone incognito in the New Testament. Also, there is no English indefinite article "an" in the Greek manuscript that determines Angel of Jehovah (Lord).
(Matthew 1:20 RV) But when he thought on these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
(Matthew 1:24 RV) And Joseph arose from his sleep, and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took unto him his wife;
(Matthew 2:13 RV) Now when they were departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I tell thee: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
(Matthew 2:19 RV) But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
(Matthew 28:2 RV) And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled away the stone, and sat upon it.
(Luke 1:11 RV) And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.
(Luke 2:9 RV) And an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.
(Acts 5:19 RV) But an angel of the Lord by night opened the prison doors, and brought them out, and said,
(Acts 8:26 RV) But an angel of the Lord spake unto Philip, saying, Arise, and go toward the south unto the way that goeth down from Jerusalem unto Gaza: the same is desert.
(Acts 12:7 RV) And behold, an angel of the Lord stood by him, and a light shined in the cell: and he smote Peter on the side, and awoke him, saying, Rise up quickly. And his chains fell off from his hands.
(Acts 12:23 RV) And immediately an angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.
Angel of Jehovah is none other than Angel Gabriel
Luke 1:11, 19. LITV
(11) And [an] angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right of the altar of incense.
(12) And seeing this, Zacharias was troubled, and fear fell on him.
(13) But the angel said to him, Do not fear, Zacharias, because your prayer was heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear a son to you, and you shall call his name John.
(14) And he will be joy and exultation to you, and many will rejoice over his birth.
(15) For he shall be great in the eyes of the Lord, and he shall not drink wine or strong drink. And he will be filled of the Holy Spirit, even from his mother's womb.
(16) And he will turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God.
(17) And he will go out before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah "to turn the hearts of fathers to their children," and disobedient ones to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people having been prepared for the Lord. Malachi 4:5, 6
(18) And Zacharias said to the angel, By what shall I know this? For I am old and my wife is advanced in her days.
(19) And answering, the angel said to him, I am Gabriel, who stands before God, and I was sent to speak to you and to announce to you the good news of these things.
(20) And behold, you shall be silent and not able to speak until the day these things take place, because you did not believe my words which shall be fulfilled in their season.
Being revised on May 31, 2018